The Persian cat is the quintessential pure-bred cat. Most of what you see in these cats was man-made. Snub-nosed, kittenish faces, huge eyes, plump bodies and fur as long as 8 inches in the show ring every color under the rainbow and a loyal, gentle companion as well
The Persian absolutely requires regular and thorough grooming, and anyone who might be pressed for time should consider one of the more naturally occurring long-haired cat breeds instead, like the Norwegian Forest cat or the Turkish Angora cat, although neither has the laid back nature and lap-cat credentials of the lovely and classically beautiful Persian.
For the personality without the poof see the Exotic Shorthair cat.
Persian cats tend to display slightly different characteristics depending on coat color. This is because many of the colors breed true, and the majority of Persian cat breeders specialize in a particular color. Breeders can and have greatly influenced things like size, personality, heft of the body, length of coat and flatness of the face.
Cats with Chinchilla coloration tend to be less dish-faced, slightly slimmer, and more soft coated, while Red colored Persians, known as "Red Self", tend to be quite large and thick with exaggeratedly flat faces, and so on....
Some of the top show-cats have face structures so extreme that the eyes are directly in line with the nose, and the mouth takes on almost a vertical v-shaped appearance.
These characteristics are a matter of personal taste, but can also effect the cats health, and the health of the breed over time, causing breathing problems, eye and tooth problems, and even issues with brain health. For this reason, having a chance to observe the parent cats can be especially important when buying a Persian kitten.
With these cats you can find almost any color in almost any of the body types, with almost any length of coat if you have a strong preference, and in the showring it is common to see a wide variety of features competing for the same prize.
In large cat shows, Persian cats are shown in groups by color, and since Persians are bred in dozens of recognized colors it can be quite an amazing site.
The personality of the Persian cat is the product of centuries of work.
This breed was created purely for domestic companionship. It is surprisingly capable of adjusting to a myriad of lifestyles, loves children, dogs, horses and even tends to travel well.
It excels in its domestic duties with a presence that is very sweet, very mellow and very adaptable.
The Persian cat is recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA), the world's largest cat organization. It is easily one of the most popular pure-bred or "pedigreed" domestic cat breeds in the world.
There are several varieties that are almost breeds unto themselves including the Himalayan cat and the Chinchilla. All colors and patterns occur, and in the top show rings, each color is shown separately.
The coat is long and profuse with a dense undercoat. Matting occurs freely and regularly and you must brush this cat several times a week to avoid health and skin problems, as well as to maintain their appearance.
Regular grooming can be a wonderful and relaxing experience for both pet and owner, but if you smirked (even just a little) when you read that, then please don't get a Persian cat. The attraction of the magnificent coat gets old fast if you don't enjoy the maintainance, and a shaved Persian is simply a terrible waste.
These are round, stocky cats that, unfortunately, have many breed-related health issues. They are specifically bred to be brachycephalic, (flat nosed) and with the shortening of the face comes many other skeletal issues affecting the breathing, the eyes, and possibly even the brain in extreme cases. Prospective owners should study breeders carefully, and try to observe the adult cats from each bloodline.
Because it is easy-going and revels in quiet interaction, the Persian is a nice family cat that does surprisingly well with considerate children, dogs, and other pets, and, with grooming requirements in mind, can be a truly wonderful companion for an elderly apartment dweller. See also the Exotic Shorthair cat which offers many of the Persian cats charms without the long coat. -Persian Cat Facts
Persian kittens tend to be just a little less rowdy than some other breeds. They are not as likely to escape their confines or wander off, and are usually very content to snuggle up on human furniture.
These cats are the product of breeding for domestic companionship, and so they seek the creature comforts. If you don't want to share your bed with your Persian you must establish that boundary early or else abandon the fight.
Get your Persian kitten accustom to regular grooming at an early age, and they will quickly learn to enjoy routine pampering.
Kitten-proofing is definitely recommended for anyone considering adopting or purchasing any kitten.
High furniture should be off limits, caution should be taken when holding these wriggly little youngsters, particularly when carrying them across hard wood or tile floors, and spaces under counters and doors should be blocked off as they have a very strong urge to explore.
In Appearance, the Persian kitten looks very much like a miniature adult. They tend to have more of a" baby fuzz" which will fill out over time, and because the cheeks and forehead develop over time as well, they won't have the same expression as an adult. They grow slowly and reach full size at about 3 years.
This is a very well-known breed, the most popular breed world-wide, and are readily available. If you are looking for a pure bred Persian kitten to buy you will not have to search a long to find a Persian cat breeder. Now the biggest decision...what color?
Head Shape: The head should be very large, rounded and well-formed, relatively flat and straight between the ears. The nose is short, sometimes snubbed. The cheeks are full with broad, full jaw and firm chin. The ears are small, well furnished, rounded at the tip, and wide-set. The eyes are large and round with great expression highly desirable. Color may be any, sometimes dependent on coat color.
Body and Tail: The body should be large, round and heavy boned with a cobby quality - relatively short legs and a level back. Thick neck and broad shoulders and hips. The tail is long and full, carried proudly. The legs are short, straight, and well boned with large round feet.
Coat: The coat should be long and fluffy, standing well off the body. Good length over the entire body with full tail plume, britches and neck ruff. Glossy, soft and extravagant.
Pattern: Persian cats are available in a candy shop of colors with specific desirable elements to each shade.
Overall Appearance: Big and beautiful. An elegant, grand looking long-haired cat with big bones, a cobby body, massive, round head and expressive eyes. These cats have been bred for domestic companionship for centuries and they make excellent company. Sweet, patient personality.